How to Build a Block Wall Without Mortar
How to Build a Block Wall Without Mortar

Building a dry stack block wall with
QUIKWall. Building a garden wall, a planter, mailbox enclosure…or even an outdoor
kitchen, can be as easy as stack and stucco with
QUIKWall Surface Bonding Cement. The construction process is quick and
easy for even the novice do-it-yourselfer with professional results. QUIKWall
Surface Bonding Cement is a special fiberglass reinforced stucco
that is simply troweled over the surface of a dry stack block wall. QUIKWall can create beautiful stucco
walls that are stronger and faster to build than traditional block and mortar
construction. Every block wall, whether structural or non-structural,
requires a solid footing or slab as its base. High-strength QUIKRETE 5000 is the
recommended product for footing construction because of its high
strength and rapid strength gain. Footings should
be a minimum of twice the width of the concrete block typical 8 x 8 x 16 block would require a 16 inch wide footing. The footing depth should extend below the
frost line. It is important to check local building codes for construction
requirements in your area. QUIKWall can be
successfully mixed by hand or machine mixed. The size of your
project will often determined which method you choose. Hand mixing can be done in a mortar tub or wheelbarrow with a mixing hoe and is suited for small projects. When
working with QUIKWall, rubber gloves and safety glasses should
always be worn during mixing and placing procedures. Each 50 pound bag of QUIKWall requires
about a gallon of water. Additional water can be added in small
amounts, to achieve a workable mix. Adding liquid cement color to standard
white or gray QUIKWall can add a decorative stucco finish. One
10 ounce bottle of QUIKRETE Liquid Cement Color will color
up to two bags of 50-pound QUIKWall. To achieve a consistent color throughout
the mix, the liquid cement color should be
blended into the mixing water before adding it to the mix. Using the same water to color ratio will
help maintain color uniformity from batch to batch. This is especially important when
working on large areas. The proper consistency is achieved when
the wet QUIKWall will hang on a trowel held at a ninety degree angle. To get started, it is important to stage the
first course of block. Snap a chalk line on each side of the
block wall as a reference line to ensure the
corners are square and the wall is straight. Then, remove the block and lay a one-eighth
inch bed of QUIKWall on the footing. This will not only bond
your wall to the footing, it will also keep the first course level
if there are slight imperfections in the concrete footing. The QUIKWall mix should be workable
but firm enough to support the weight of the first course. Because there are no mortar joints in this
construction technique, the first course of block will determine
how level and square the wall will be. Now, set your bottom course. Check your
alignment and level every third to fourth block. Once
your first course is set, dry stack the remaining block in a running
bond pattern to the desired height. All corners should use an interlocking
pattern. Before applying QUIKWall, thoroughly dampen the block wall with
water. Dry block will draw the water from the mix, making it difficult to finish and can
cause inconsistent color and cracking, especially in hot temperatures. Then, apply a consistent one eighth to
one-quarter inch coat of QUIKWall to both sides of the block. Use a square finishing trowel held at a
45 degree angle and work from the bottom of the wall to the top.
Popular textures such as heavy lace, light lace, dash and smooth finishes are easy to achieve with a little
practice. It is recommended that you check your QUIKWall color and practice your texturing technique on
a block or a sheet of cement board, prior to attempting to finish a large
wall. One 50 pound bag of QUIKWall will cover approximately 50 square feet
at one-eighth inch thick. The coverage may vary, based on the
texture and thickness of the QUIKWall application. Once your wall is completed, water cure the entire surface with a
fine water mist. This is especially important for color
consistency and to prevent surface cracking.

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